The Food and Nutrition
Research Institute of the Department of Science and Technology answers some
basic questions about a most important meal --- breakfast.
compromise the typical Pinoy breakfast?
The pinoy breakfast usually consists of rice accompanied by fried or scrambled
egg or fish, pan de sal (bun), or bread and margarine. Coffee is the predominant
beverage generally taken with sugar (Villavieja, 1997; Howden et.al. 1993).
Cereals and sugars,
usually pan de sal with coffee (negligible amount) and sugar, or chocolate
beverage (usually Milo) with sugar.
Cereal, protein, milk and
products and sugar, for example, boiled rice, fried fish or egg and milk)
nutrients do they get from these foods?
In the study by Yap, breakfast
contributed the highest percentage to energy intake (25.3 percent in Eastern
25.3 percent of protein intake in Cagayan Valley and 28.4 percent in Eastern
Breakfast contributed 35
percent of vitamin A intake in Cagayan Valley and 36.4 percent in Eastern
Visayas, and 21.9 percent and 31.4 percentage of iron intake for Cagayan and
Eastern Visayas, respectively.
Filipinos receiving adequate amount of nutrients from the breakfast foods they
Results of the 1993 Food Consumption
Survey revealed energy and nutrients inadequacies for all the essential
nutrients except for protein. From these results, we can say that the Filipinos
are not getting adequate nutrients from the meals they consume.
breakfast traditions vary with social status?
As average income rises, consumption patterns are affected by changes in the
food system. Again, based on the 1993 survey results, some food groups were
observed to progressively increase with rising per capita income and higher food
peso value. These food groups are other cereal products, sugars, fats and oils,
fish, meat and poultry eggs, whole milk, other vegetables and miscellaneous
Poor urban dwellers and
lower income students rely heavily on street foods since these are readily
available, require no preparation and are reasonably priced.
A more westernized style
of eating often accompanies an improvement in socio-economic status and
eating out for breakfast is becoming more common, around 10 percent in our
country (Howden et al; 1993).
breakfast-eating habits of Filipinos changed over the years?
The lifestyle changes accompanying urbanization and industrialization,
particularly in urban areas, gave rise to the proliferation of fast foods
establishments that offer breakfast value meals, as well as street foods
vending. The breakfast-eating habits of Filipinos have also been adapting with
and other cereal products have been introduced on a regular basis to the
breakfast menu in the urban areas. Lack of time and higher incomes in
families where women undertake the combined role of housewife and paid
workers have contributed against the use of staples, which are time
consuming to prepare foe breakfast.
availability or easy-to-cook or ready-to-eat foods, particularly breakfast
cereals, noodles and even beverages, have all contributed to changes in our
younger age groups are the ones more likely to prefer breads and cereals
than the hot-cooked traditional breakfast.
can a typical Filipino family improve the nutritional value of their breakfast
By taking milk beverage instead of coffee, or using milk with their coffee
instead of putting sugar only.
including fruits in season like banana or papaya in their breakfast cereals
to increase their vitamin intake.
including fortified foods, particularly those with Sangkap Pinoy Seals, like
the easy-to-cook noodles, or taking the fortified palaman with bread. It
would also help if the bread is also of the fortified brands.